– Coronet Head Cent (1816-1839)

The Coronet Head Cent, also known as the Matron Head Cent, is a historic coin issued by the United States Mint from 1816 to 1839. It represents an important era in American numismatic history and is valued by collectors for its classic design and historical significance.  

Design: The obverse (front) of the coin features a left-facing bust of Lady Liberty wearing a coronet inscribed with the word "Liberty." The reverse (back) typically depicts a wreath encircling the denomination "One Cent" or "1/100." 

Designer: The design of the Coronet Head Cent is attributed to Robert Scot, the Chief Engraver of the United States Mint at the time. Scot's rendition of Lady Liberty on the coin reflects the neoclassical style prevalent in the early 19th century, with its emphasis on classical motifs and graceful proportions. 

Metal Composition: The Coronet Head Cent was struck in copper, with a weight of approximately 10.89 grams and a diameter of about 29 millimeters. Copper remained the primary metal used for U.S. coinage during this time period due to its availability and suitability for coin production. 

Mintage: The mintage numbers for the Coronet Head Cent varied from year to year, with production levels influenced by factors such as demand for small denomination coins, economic conditions, and technological advancements in coin production.  

Historical Context: The issuance of the Coronet Head Cent occurred during a period of significant change and growth for the United States. The early to mid-19th century saw the country expanding westward, industrializing, and becoming increasingly interconnected through transportation and communication networks.  

Collector's Value: Due to their age, historical significance, and limited mintage numbers, Coronet Head Cents are highly sought after by coin collectors and numismatists. Coins in good condition, particularly those with sharp details and attractive patina, can command high prices on the numismatic market. 

Legacy: The Coronet Head Cent represents an important chapter in American numismatic history as one of the early official one-cent coins minted by the United States government.  

It reflects the ideals and aspirations of the young nation, as well as the artistic and technological achievements of its time. Today, these coins serve as tangible artifacts that offer insights into the economic, cultural, and political landscape of the early to mid-19th century United States. 

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