– Indian Cent (1859 - 1909)

The Indian Head Cent, minted from 1859 to 1909, holds a significant place in American numismatic history as one of the most iconic and beloved coin designs ever produced by the United States Mint.  

Designed by James B. Longacre, the Chief Engraver of the Mint, the Indian Head Cent replaced the Flying Eagle Cent and introduced a timeless and distinctive motif that captured the spirit of the American West. 

The obverse of the Indian Head Cent features a left-facing bust of Liberty wearing a Native American headdress adorned with feathers and stars. The word "LIBERTY" is inscribed on the band of the headdress, and the date of mintage appears below. 

This portrayal of Liberty with a Native American motif reflects the cultural diversity and frontier spirit of the expanding nation during the mid-19th century. 

On the reverse of the coin, a wreath composed of oak leaves and acorns encircles the denomination "ONE CENT," with the inscription "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" surrounding the wreath. The design is simple yet elegant, with a focus on the central motif of the Indian Head. 

The Indian Head Cent was minted using a bronze alloy composed of 95% copper and 5% tin and zinc, which gave the coin a distinctive reddish-brown color.  

This composition ensured the durability and longevity of the coin, making it a popular choice for everyday circulation. 

Throughout its production, the Indian Head Cent underwent several modifications to the design, including changes in the size and style of lettering, as well as alterations to the portrait of Liberty.  

The Indian Head Cent holds a special place in the hearts of collectors and enthusiasts for its artistic beauty, historical significance, and nostalgic appeal.  

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