– Liberty Cap Half Cent (1793 - 1797)

The Liberty Cap Half Cent, minted from 1793 to 1797, represents a significant era in early American coinage and holds a special place in numismatic history.  

This coin, authorized by the Coinage Act of 1792, was the second type of half cent issued by the United States Mint and followed the earlier design known as the "Draped Bust" half cent. 

The Liberty Cap Half Cent features a distinctive design that reflects the ideals and aspirations of the young nation. On the obverse side of the coin, a right-facing bust of Liberty is depicted wearing a Phrygian cap, a symbol of freedom and liberty dating back to ancient times.  

The word "LIBERTY" appears above the bust, while the date of mintage is inscribed below it. The design is encircled by thirteen stars representing the original thirteen colonies of the United States. 

The reverse side of the coin features a wreath of laurel encircling the denomination "HALF CENT" and the fraction "1/200," indicating its value as one two-hundredth of a dollar. The wreath is tied with a bow at the bottom, adding a decorative element to the design. 

The Liberty Cap Half Cent underwent several variations during its production, including changes in the size of the letters and the arrangement of the stars on the obverse. The final issue in 1797 featured a smaller head and a redesigned reverse with a more compact wreath. 

While the Liberty Cap Half Cent was minted for a relatively short period, its historical significance and aesthetic appeal have made it a sought-after collectible among numismatists.  

Today, surviving specimens of the Liberty Cap Half Cent are prized for their rarity, historical significance, and artistic beauty, serving as tangible reminders of America's early coinage history. 

The Liberty Cap Half Cent, struck between 1793 and 1797, holds a significant place in the narrative of early American coinage, embodying the ideals and aspirations of a newly formed nation.  

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